There’s a lot to know about the Bay Area. We put together a quick reference guide that lays out the basics.

Click here to see our fact sheet.

This is a short summary. For more information, please click on our button above. 

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Bay Area Numbers and Facts

  • Total population: 7.5 million
  • Foreign born citizens and noncitizens in the U.S.
    • Total 13% 
    • California 27%
    • Bay Area 30%
    • Silicon Valley 38%
  • Migrants (includes both international and domestic migration) into the Bay Area within the past year accounts for 6% of the population
  • Silicon Valley = Santa Clara County, San Mateo County, Scotts Valley (Santa Cruz County), and Fremont, Newark, and Union City (Alameda County)


  • Bay Area:
    • Total number of homes: 2.8 million
      • 42% renter occupied
      • 52% owner occupied
      • 6% vacant
    • Single family homes: 62.4%
    • Mean of median rent prices from the 9 counties: $1498
    • Mean of median home purchasing price from the 9 counties: $583,878


  • Bay Area:
    • Labor force: 4.1 million
    • Unemployment: 3.9%
    • Top 5 job sectors: Manufacturing, Retail, Arts/Entertainment & Recreation, Educational & Health Services, Scientific & Management
    • 10% of population in computer/mathematical and architecture/engineering occupations
    • San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara and San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward metropolitan areas top the list for the largest venture capital investment per capita in the U.S. at $2534 and $1875 respectively, which is more than double the metropolitan area with the next largest venture capital investment


  • Mega commuters: workers that travel at least 50 miles and 90 minutes (one-way) to work
  • 2.06% of workers in the San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont metropolitan area are mega commuters—the highest in the country for both mean travel time and distance
  • The San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara metropolitan area has the second highest mean commute distance in the country with mega commutes making up 1.9% of all commutes.
  • 30% of commuters that work outside county of residence 
  • Mean commute: 28 minutes
  • Modal share of transportation:
    • Drive alone: 66%
    • Carpool: 10%
    • Public transportation: 11%
    • Active (walking/biking): 5.4%